Farewell Jerusalem - Hello Nazareth, Israel, January 7, 2023
I had to check out by 11 and my bus didn’t leave until 6:35 pm so there was no rush to go to the Rockefeller Archaeological Museum and to walk through Old Jerusalem one last time.
The streets were really empty. This is strange because there’s never a day off anymore at home-
The museum is excellent. The larger items are explained and there are many show cases full of smaller objects- lots of pottery, jewelry, flints and other tools.
In 1457 BC the Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III defeated the Canaanites at the Battle of Megiddo which is the earliest documented battle in history. Following their victory, the Egyptians ruled the area for 350 years.
The statue of Rameses III is made from local basalt and is life sized. It was found at Beth Shean and dates from (1185-1153 BC)-
This stela commemorates the victory of Seti I (1294-1279 BC) against towns around Beth Shean. The hieroglyphic script explains the battle. The upper part of the stela shows the king wearing a wig with a circlet. There’s a uraeus - a royal cobra, rising up from it. He’s offering incense and wine to the falcon headed sun god Re-Horakhty which is portrayed with the sun disc above his head-
There’s a fresco sun dial dating from more than 6000 years ago. Because the pigments were embedded in the wet plaster, we can still see the colours. The Chalcolithic period was a society of farmers, shepherds and copper masters-
This skeleton of a man was found in Skhul Cave and is from the Middle Palaeolithic Period about 100,000 years ago. It’s a 40-50 year old Homo Sapien. Neanderthals also lived during this time and both groups were the first to bury their dead. This skeleton had a flint end scraper in his hands-
There is a great display of carved wooden doors from the El Aqsa mosque which is one of two mosques on the Temple Mount. They date from 705-714 AD-
There are some beautiful decorative fragments from Hisham’s Palace near Jericho from 743-744 AD-
The scenes in the lintel from above the door leading to Golgotha (Skhul Cave) and the Chapel of Adam (found in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre) feature mythological creatures and naked humans surrounded by foliage-