Jaipur, India, January 23, 2023
The night was pretty quiet which was unbelievable actually so I ended up sleeping well. I had a slow morning and didn’t leave the hostel until about 11. I took a tuktuk down to the Hawa Mahal-
which was built in 1799. It has five floors that look like a honeycomb and there are 953 windows called Jharokhad. They are decorated with intricate latticework which allowed the Royal ladies to watch every day life and festivals in the street below-
without being seen. The latticework also allows cool air to pass through making it more pleasant in the high summer temperatures. The street view is actually the back of the palace.
Amber Fort was founded by Alan Singh of the Chanda Dynasty of Meenas who ruled in the area until the 10th century. It’s Rajput architecture and some buildings have Mughal influences. A Mughal is a member of the Muslim dynasty of Mongol origin who ruled in the area from the 16th to 19th centuries. It’s made of red sandstone and marble and laid out on 4 levels each with a courtyard. The palace was the residence of the Rajput Maharajas (great ruler) and their families.
The first entrance is the Sun Gate or Suraj Pol which leads to the main courtyard where victory parades took place –
named after god Lord Ganesh who removes all obstacles in life. It is the entry into the private palaces of the Maharajas (king and queen). It too has many frescos-
made from red sandstone and white marble-
Each is mounted with an elephant shaped capital-
and other carvings above it-
The third courtyard is where the private quarters of the king and his family lived. There are two buildings opposite each other separated by a Mughal garden-
On the west side are the private rooms of the king called Sukh Niwas-
The magic flower is carved in the marble slabs at the base of the pillars. It has flowers, leaves, butterflies and also a scorpion, fishtail, a hooded cobra, a lotus flower, a trunk of an elephant, a lion’s tail, and a corn cob-
The Zenana Deori were the personal chambers of the queens and royal women also known as the harem. The chambers were designed so that the king could find his way to any of the rooms discreetly to avoid jealousy among the women. The queen’s personal attendants also lived here –
and sweets. The one on the top left is hollow but filled with syrup. The top right one is also very sweet and delicious-