Aswan, Egypt, November 14, 2015
The High Aswan Dam was started in 1960 and completed in 1971. It formed Lake Nasser. the world's largest man made lake which is 500 km long - 350 km in Egypt and 150 km in Sudan, 34 km wide and 180-200 meters deep. 40,000 Nubians were relocated and 451 men died during construction-
There are no locks so there are no through boats. A huge power plant is on the north side-
as is the restart of the Nile-
Today, the Temple of Isis is on Philae Island. It was moved after the Aswan High Dam flooded it. Some columns remain at the old site-
Nectanebo (380-362 BC) started the temple and it was added to during the next 500 years by the Ptolemies. In 1972, with the help of UNESCO, it was moved during the next 8 years. Steel plates were driven into the land around it and the water was pumped out. This took 2 years. Then, all 37,363 chunks of rock were numbered, photographs were taken and it was moved to higher ground-
It's now 20 meters higher than it was originally.
The first pylon is the newest part of the temple because they built from inside to out-
King Ptolemy XII has his enemies by the hair-
The second pylon-
leads to some great columns, again with the capital in the shape of a lotus-
The Kiosk of Trajan was like a locker room, used for changing clothes and getting perfumed up, ready to meet the king-
Papyrus has been used for paper since 3000 BC. The plant is found everywhere along the Nile and is cut into chunks, then peeled, then smashed with a hammer-
After that it's rolled flat and laid horizontally and vertically on a matt and placed in a press for a week, allowing the matt to absorb the moisture-
The end result is 'paper' that will last forever-
Supper was high tea at the Old Cataract Hotel where it costs $300 for one person to spend the night, however, breakfast is included!!
Sandwiches were cucumber, cream cheese with prosciutto, egg and chicken/ham, smoked salmon and cheese. Most of the bread was dry but the presentation was excellent-
These three plates with tea cost $58! Living large!
Tomorrow we have our last day in Aswan. I'm looking forward to the Nubian Museum!